In almost all cultures and religions of the world, dates are supposed to have special importance. For instance, in Muslims' Holy Book Qura'n, the fruit and its palm have been referred to more than 20 times. So as in many other religion dates are important on the religious occasions like Christmas and Devali. As per the HINDU RELIGIOUS belief on VASTHU, Date Palm takes an important role. Vasthu experts are saying that, planting Date Palm inside the compound of a house is much Good.
DATE PALM IN CHRISTIANITY, TRADITIONS AND LEGENDS
Date palm was known in Coptic Egypt as 'Bnne'. Christians of Jerusalem were carried fronds of date palm as they went out to meet their Prophet when he had announced "On the next day people that were come to the feast when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem took branches of palm trees and went forth to meet him..." Gospel of St. John. "....A great multitude which no one could number of all nations and kindred's and people and tongues stood before the throne and before the lamb, clothed with white robes and palms in their hands, and cried with a loud voice:" Salvation to our God who sitteth on the throne, and unto the lamb." Revelation of St. John.
Christians have never ceased to adorn their churches with palm leaves for the celebration of the last Sunday before Easter. Beneath the domes of Ancient Coptic churches or the double towers of more recent ones, palm Sunday still commemorated with rituals dating back to the first centuries of Christian faith. Palm fronds are everywhere: In the sanctuary above the screen separating the officiating priest from the faithful as well as in the hands of the worshippers. Palm leaves were also carried by every attendant of the solemn morning procession, along with fragments of fronds the leaflets of which had be painted into various decorative shapes (Bircher,1990).
Palm groves surround the fortress-like desert monasteries; some of them were the sites of the very first convents ever built and where the embittered monks had faced constant danger of pillage, depredation and death. Dates were mentioned sparsely as Coptic remedies, once in a poultice with other ingredients for stomach ache (Darby, et al 1977).
There are some charming legends concerning the Divine Child and the date palm based on Bircher(1990): One of them is connected with the flight of the Holy Family to Egypt. They having left their country in great haste and utter anguish. Saint Joseph and the virgin Mary had taken no food with them on their way. As they entered the palm groves of Egypt. One of these fine date bearing trees gently bent its head towards them; inclining it so deeply that could feast on the delicious fruits while the cherubs who were seated on the fronds welcomed them by singing and wishing them peace. Another legend is connected with Saint Christophorus, the patron-Saint of travelers and car-drivers: As the Holy Family was preparing to cross a river, a man called Christophorus took the infant Jesus on his board shoulders and carried him safely across the water. But the tiny child proved to be so heavy that he would have broken down under its weight... for with him he was carrying the burden of the entire world... had he not been able to lean on his staff which was made from the midrib of palm frond ... As they reached the shore the Divine infant told Christophorus to thrust his staff into the soil. The man obeyed and the sticks sprouted into a wonderful date palm. From that time Christophorus become a convert and lived a saintly life ever after.
THE DATE PALM IN ISLAMIC RELIGION, TRADITIONS AND LEGENDS
Date palm in Qora'n
Palm tree was mentioned in Qora'n (the book of books) twenty times. On fifteen occasions it is mentioned among other plants in a God's bounty towards the human race. Qora'n statements will mentioned according to Ali (1934) and verified with ( English copy by International group for computer systems,1995 ).
"It is He who sendeth down rain from the skiers: with it We produce vegetation of all kinds: from some We produce green (crops), out of which We produce grain, heaped up (at harvest); Out of the date palm and its sheaths (or spathes) (come) clusters of dates hanging low and near". (An' âm 99)
"It is He who produceth gardens with trellises and without, and dates, and tilth with produce of all kinds and olives and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in variety). ((An'âm 141)
"Set forth to them the parable of two men: For one of them We provided two gardens of grape vines and surrounded them with date palms; in between the two We placed corn-fields." (Kahf 32)
(Pharaoh) said:"Believe ye in him before I give you permission ? Surely this must be your leader who has taught you magic ! be sure I will cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides, and I will have you crucified on trunks of palm trees: So shall ye know for certain, which of us can give the more severe and the more lasting punishment" (Tâ -Hâ 71)
"And corn-fields and date palms with spathes near breaking (=with the weight of fruit ( Shu'arâa 148)
"And tall (and stately) palm trees, with shoots of fruits stalks, piled one over another". (Qâf 10 )
"Plucking out men as if they were shoots of palm trees torn up (from the ground)". (Qamar 20) "Therein is fruit and date palms, producing spathes (enclosing dates)". (Rahmân 11)
"In them will be fruits, and dates and pomegranates" (Rahmân 68)
"So that thou couldst see the (whole) people lying prostrate in its (path): As if they had been roots of hollow palm trees tumbled down!" (Hâqqa 7)
"And produce therein corn And grape and nutritious plants And olives and dates" (Abasa 27-29)
"And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree: She cried (in her anguich): Ah ! would that I had died before this ! would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight ! (Maryam 23)
"And shake towards thyself the trunk of the palm tree it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee". (Maryam 25)
"Does any of you wish that he should have a garden with date palms and vines and streams flowing underneath, and all kinds of fruits". (Baqara 266)
"And the earth are tracts (Diverse though) neighboring and gardens of vines and fields sown with corn, and palm trees growing out of single roots or otherwise: Watered with the same water ". (Ra'd 4)
"With it He produces for you corn, olives, date palm, grapes and every kind of fruit". (Nahl 11)
"And from the fruit of the date palm and the vine, ye get out whole some drink, and food: be hold in this also in a sign for those who are wise". (Nahl 67)
''Or (until) thou have a garden of date trees and vines, and cause rivers to gush forth in their midst carrying abundant water" (Bani-Isrâ'il 91)
"With it We grow for you gardens of date palms and vines: In them have ye abundant fruits: And of them ye eat (and have enjoyment) Mu-minun 19
"And We produce therein orchards with date palms and vines and We cause springs to gush forth therein". (Yâ-Sin 34)
"A good word like a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the heavens" (Ibrahim 24)
Annas said that the Prophet Mohammed said about this goodly tree that: This tree is the date palm tree (El Nadawi,1994).
Date palm in the Prophet Mohammed's speeches and life
Abd Alla Ebn Omar Said that "Prophet Mohammed said that: Among the trees there is one with non-fallen leaves, it's similar to the muslim; think about it" .The Muslims said that:That is date palm tree.
Salama Bent Kais said that "Prophet Mohammed said that: Feed women with Tamr after their delevary (on puperium stage); whose feeds on Tamr her child grow up most merciful; it was the food of virgin Mary in Juses birth. If the God knows other best one 'He' had to feed her on it"
Soliman Ebn Amer El Dabbi said that "Prophet Mohammed said that:: If one eats one eats after fast, it is preferably to eat Tamr if not available, her drinks some water it is cleared and pure".
Annas said that " Prophet Mohammed had eaten Rutab after fast and before his prayers, if no Rutab he eats Tamr if no Tamr, he drinks some water ".
Eisha (Prophet Mohammed's wife) said that: "A house free from Tamr their owner hungry".
Eisha said that " Prophet Mohammed said that: Excellent Agua has a curative effect".
Eisha said that "Prophet Mohammed had named Tamr and Milk, the two best(best among all food)".
Emam Musleim was mentioned that:" Abd Alla Ebn Ghfar had seen the Prophet Mohammed eats cucumber with Rutab".
Ebn Ody said that: Ali was mentioned that:"Prophet Mohammed Said that: The best of your Tamr is 'Berni' it is curative". Or Abi Hourira Said that " Prophet Mohammed said that: 'Berni' is curative and free from infection".
Saad said that "Prophet Mohammed said that: Whose eat seven fresh Tamr fruits at breakfast, he gets over magic and poison on that day" .
Date palm and the Prophet Mohammed legends
Based on Gaber Ebn Abd Alla who said that: "the Prophet Mohammed was standing next to a date palm trunk during his prayers. One day a woman offers a seat to the Prophet to sit on it; when Mohammed is sitting on this seat the date palm trunk was crying sadly for missing the Prophet's support" (Sawan,1993). Another interesting legend was mentioned by Abn Abas who mentioned that "An Arabian man came to the Prophet Mohammed and said to him, 'how can I know that you are the Prophet of God?' Prophet Mohammed answered that: 'I can call the date fruits from that tree to come down', and so he did; after that he ordered the date fruits to return up again and be reconnected to the tree; the fruits did. Then the Arabian man believed that the Prophet Mohammed is the Prophet of God" (El-Nadawi,1994).
Ancient Islamic traditions and habits
A great multitude of Ansar (Madina inhabitants, who believed with Mohammed) were celebrating the Prophet Mohammed coming and met him in Madina border terraces with palm leaves; they cried with load voice " A'la Akber" (Allahu Akbar).
Qura'n was written in Ancient times on palm leaf bases: After the death of Prophet Mohammed Omar and Abu Baker (the Prophet friends and his followers) were ordered Zeid Ebn Thabet to collect Qura'n words: Zeid said that: I started to collect it from the date palm leaves and whose know it
Madina mosque: The Mosque in it the Prophet Mohammed was buried, it was the first Islamic Mosque built in Madina after Prophet Mohammed and his followers migrated to it. The earlier achitectures of this Mosque were made of mudbricks and palm fronds, the columns were made of palm trunks, the area in which Prophet Mohammed was buried is still surrounded with decorated palm sticks. The houses of Prophet Mohammed's wives were made of palm leaves and palm trunks in addition to mudbricks (El-Nadawi, 1994).